What is Dysarthria?
Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from impaired movement of the muscles used for speech production. This can include the lips, tongue, vocal folds, and diaphragm. There are several types of dysarthria, classified by the different characteristics heard in respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation, and prosody. Dysarthria is seen most often in individuals with stroke, traumatic brain injuries, tumors, Parkinson’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and multiple sclerosis.
Speech Therapy for Dysarthria
A speech-language pathologist works with patients to screen, assess, diagnose, and treat individuals with dysarthria. Based on the type of dysarthria, speech therapy can take many forms, including working on rate of speech, improving breath support, strengthening muscles, increasing movement of lips and tongue, and targeting specific speech sounds. Treatment approaches can be restorative and/or compensatory in nature, depending on severity. Treatment can sometimes include family members, friends, or others who support the individual with dysarthria.
For more information, Contact us at Shakopee, Chaska & Savage, MN Centers.